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2 edition of Identification of stains on polyester fabric by pyrolysis gas chromatography (PGC) and infrared spectroscopy (IR). found in the catalog.

Identification of stains on polyester fabric by pyrolysis gas chromatography (PGC) and infrared spectroscopy (IR).

K. Marriott

Identification of stains on polyester fabric by pyrolysis gas chromatography (PGC) and infrared spectroscopy (IR).

by K. Marriott

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  • 37 Currently reading

Published by Hatra in Nottingham .
Written in English


Edition Notes

StatementK. Marriott and P.H. Stubbs.
SeriesHatra research report -- 51
ContributionsStubbs, P. H.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL13908045M

In the pyrolysis product of PS, there are 4% non-condensable gases, 93% liquid, and 3% char. Styrene accounts for %w/w in the PS liquid pyrolysis products due to the chain strip reactions. There was 19% v/v hydrogen in the gas product, which did not exist in the PE pyrolysis gas product. The composition of the char is almost pure. A practical guide to use of pyrolysis techniques in the analytical laboratory for forensic evidence, paints, fibers, paper, ink, photocopies, art and museum pieces, and other materials. Among the topics are instrumentation and analysis, step-by-step procedures, and environmental applications.

The problem of offshade jet-dyed polyester fabric and its shade correction using tristimulus colorimeters by G. W Bagley (Book) 1 edition published Identification of stains on polyester fabric by pyrolysis gas chromatography (PGC) and infrared spectroscopy. System Upgrade on Fri, Jun 26th, at 5pm (ET) During this period, our website will be offline for less than an hour but the E-commerce and registration of new users may not be available for up to 4 hours.

The FDA has reported more than ingredients used in the manufacturing of cosmetics [5]. An analytical scheme for comparably colored cosmetic samples may include high-performance liquid. The detection of gasoline and diesel fuel components using solid phase micro-extraction prior to gas chromatography–mass spectrometry for the forensic analysis of fire debris has been carried.


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Identification of stains on polyester fabric by pyrolysis gas chromatography (PGC) and infrared spectroscopy (IR) by K. Marriott Download PDF EPUB FB2

Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 22 () Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., Amsterdam Pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry identification of styrene cross-linked polyester and vinyl ester resins John A. Hiltz Defence Research Establishment Atlantic, Dockyard Laboratory, Building D, FMO Halifax, Halifax, Nova Scotia, B3K 2X0 (Canada) Cited by: This practice covers the identification of polymers in raw rubbers, and cured and uncured compounds, based on a single polymer, by the gas chromatographic patterns of their pyrolysis products (pyrograms).

Implementation of this guide presupposes a working knowledge of the principles and techniques of gas chromatography, sufficient to carry out this practice and to interpret the results.

Yeng-Fong Shih, Ru-Jong Jeng, Kuo-Min Wei, Carbon black containing interpenetrating polymer networks based on unsaturated polyester/epoxy III: thermal and pyrolysis analysis, Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, /S(02)X, 70, 1, (), ().Cited by:   Key areas of importance in pyrolysis gas chromatography are the rate or speed of the pyrolysis, the carrier gas which serves as the inert atmosphere to transfer the volatile pyrolysis products on to the chromatography column and the medium of Cited by: 1.

These include pyrolysis-gas chromatography, infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy and, less often, mass spectrometry, to determine or confirm the generic polymer class and/or sub-class. Microspectrophotometry in the ultraviolet and visible wavelength ranges is used to characterize the color of dyed or pigmented fibers.

KeywordsKeywords Curie-point pyrolysis, Curie-point direct injection probe, headspace gas chromatography, mass spectrometry, preparative liquid chromatography, polyester Pyrolysis gas chromatography-mass spectrometry(Py-GC/MS) has recently become popular for polymer analysis owing to its simplicity and capacity for providing.

Pyrolysis gas chromatography 19 Analysis of fi ber colors and dyes 22 Future trends 22 References 23 3 Natural animal textile fi bres: structure, characteristics and identifi cation 27 S R Tridico, Australian Federal Police, Australia Introduction 27 Animal fi bre growth, structure, composition and properties hand, pyrolysis/gas chromatography (PGC) and pyrolysis/ mass spectrometry (PMS) supply very useful information about the structures of the pyrolysis proddcts and the degrada- tion mechanisms.

Recently, Luderwald, et al. (I-3) have reported extensive studies on various polyesters by PMS to elucidate degradation mechanisms.

The analyses were performed in inert gas (nitrogen) and air environments. Pyrolysis/gas chromatography/mass spectrometry An Intersmat PY75 was used to perform the pyrolysis.

The samples were inserted in the filament coils of the pyrolysis head then heated to the critical decomposition temperature, deter- Analysis by pyrolysis / gas. Heuller R.J. “ Pyrolysis gas chromatography for the. This book is the third volume on Environmental Biotechnology, published in the series Environmental Chemistry for a Sustainable World.

In this study, we developed a method to analyze unknown polyurethane samples using pyrolysis gas chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometry (Py-GC-TOFMS) with dopant-assisted atmospheric.

Y. KumookaAnalysis of deteriorated rubber-based pressure sensitive adhesive by pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry and attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectrometry Forensic Sci.

Int., (), pp./int Pyrolysis gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (PGC-MS)—burns a sample under controlled conditions, separates and analyzes each combustion product. Collection of Fiber Evidence. Bag clothing items _____in paper bags.

Make sure that different items are. We evaluated the use of the 1% Rose Bengal stain in improving the identification of microplastics after a standard microplastic isolation process. Commonly used pyrolysis-gas chromatography. How to Remove Stains From Polyester.

First presented to the American people inpolyester was advertised as a "miracle" material that you. Pyrolysis - Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (Py-GC/MS) The pyrolysis of the studied samples was carried out in a Frontier Lab double-shot pyrolyzer PY iD. About mg samples was pyrolyzed at °C for 1 min in a quartz tube using helium as a carrier gas.

Analysis of the volatile products was accomplished online with a GC/MS. R.H. Gong, X. Chen, in Handbook of Technical Textiles (Second Edition), Definitions. A filament yarn is made of one or more continuous strands called filaments with each component filament running the whole length of the yarn.

Those yarns composed of one filament are called monofilament yarns, and those containing more filaments are known as multifilament yarns.

Table 2: Gas Chromatography result of Analyzed gas (25 – 0C) Retention Time (mins) Components Names Concentration (mol/dm3) % Composition 2 C2H6 Ethane 4 C3H8 Propane 7 C3H6 Propylene Pyrolysis At Higher Temperature (C –C): The yield of the gaseous products increases with. Identification of residual cleaning or degreasing agent stains from poor cleaning or rinsing coupled with XPS and FTIR.

Analysis of oils and petrochemicals. Headspace GC-MS Typical Applications. Analysis of real world dirty samples. Analysis of polymers and rubbers, mobile species, plasticisers, stabilisers and low molecular weight species. Gas analyses Pyrolysis gases collected in Tedlar bags were analyzed by gas chromatography using a HP model series II with a thermal conductivity detector.

A stainless steel packed column ( m!1/8 in. Propack Q, m!1/8 in. 5A molecular sieve, serially connected to. Pyrolysis Gas Chromatography When the heat energy applied to the polymer chains is greater than the energy of specific bonds in that polymer chain, these bonds will fragment.

22/12/seminar on Gas Chromatography 25 Pyrolysis gas chromatography; an instrumental technique used to analyze the chemical compositions of small amounts of evidence (synthetic); RARELY USED BECAUSE IT DESTROYS FIBERS; superior to FTIR in distinguishing closely related fibers b/c of its sensitivity to small differences in chemical makeup.Pyrolysis.

Pyrolysis involves the thermal decomposition of waste at –°C (Environment Agency, ) in the absence of oxygen, producing gas, solid, and liquid residues, followed by a secondary chamber that normally combusts the resulting synthetic gases or oils often generating electricity or usable heat in the process.